FormerPresident Jiang Zemin, whoChina was able to come out of isolation following the 1989 army’s suppression of the Tiananmen Square pro democracy protests. economicHe was the man who led to a decade-long period of rapid growth and reforms. He was 96.
JiangHe died Wednesday afternoon in Shanghai from multiple organ failure and leukemia. ChineseMany people described the death of the Communist Party leader as an “incalculable” loss.
The letter described “our beloved Comrade.” Jiang”Zemin” is an exceptional example of a Chinese artist leaderA great Marxist, statesman and military strategist, as well as diplomat. In mourning, the online pages of state media sites People’s Daily (Xinhua) were changed to black-and-white.
Surprise choice to lead the Communist Party’s divided faction after 1989 chaos JiangChina saw history-making changes, including the revival market-oriented reforms and the return of Hong Kong to British rule in 1997. Beijing was also admitted into the World Trade Organization in 2011.
China has opened its doors to the outside world. JiangDissent was repelled by the government at home. It jailed pro-democracy, labour, and human rights activists.
ChinesePresident Xi Jinping, left JiangThese are displayed atThe 19th Communist Party Congress was held in Beijing on October 24, 2017. (Lintao Zhang/Getty Images)
JiangHe gave up his last title in 2004 but remained a force behind scenes in the wrangling which led to the rise and assimilation of President Xi Jinping. whoIn 2012, Xi was elected to power. Xi has remained to JiangMix of economicLiberalization and tight political control.
Initially, a transitional role. leader, JiangA mandate from then-paramount was given to him just as he was about to retire. leaderDeng Xiaoping will bring together the nation and party.
However, he was transformative. He was the Communist Party general secretary, the highest office in China for 13 years. guided China’sGlobalization is on the rise economicPower by welcoming capitalists to the Communist Party and drawing in foreign investments after China joined WTO.
JiangAfter arriving, walks past a Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer atThe Museum of Anthropology will be attending the APEC summit in Vancouver, November 1997. (Andrew Winning/Reuters)
He was responsible for the rise of the nation as a global producer, the return to Hong Kong and Macao of Britain and Portugal, and finally the realization of a long-cherished goal: the winning of the competition to host 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing.
JiangBorn Aug. 17, 1926 in Yangzhou, an affluent east city. Official biographies minimize the family’s middle-class background and emphasize instead his uncles and adoptive parents. JiangShangqing was an early revolutionary whoIn battle, he was killed in 1939.
After graduating from Jiaotong University, Shanghai’s electrical machinery department in 1947 JiangWorked in a food factory and then became a soap-maker. China’s biggest automobile plant.
1983 was his first year as minister of electronics industry. It was a vital but neglected sector which the government sought to revive with foreign investment.
From 1985 to 1989, I was Shanghai’s mayor JiangAs a representative for a new breed, outward-looking people, he impressed foreign visitors Chinese leaders.
Dissent must be stamped out
Despite having a positive public image JiangDefended the ruling party’s power severely
Falun Gong was his highest-profile target, a meditation organization. ChineseLeaders were scared by the ability of this group to attract thousands of followers, even military officers. Activists whoA move that was allowed by the Chinese Democracy Party (opposition) was attempted to form a China Democracy Party. Chineselaw, and were sentenced to up 12 years imprisonment on subversion charges.
The silent protest that took place in Hong Kong on October 1, 2004, saw 40 Falun-Gong members. JiangAs a threat to the government, the movement was banned ChineseCommunist Party. (Samantha Sin/AFP/Getty Images)
“Stability is more important than anything else” JiangIn a phrase his successors used, he ordered to justify extensive social control.
It dropped to JiangStanding beside Prince Charles of Britain, he presided over the return to Hong Kong on July 1, 1997. It was symbolic of the end of 150 years European colonialism. In 1999, China received Macao, a nearby Portuguese territory.
The Prince of Wales of Britain, center, shows us the way. JiangTony Blair, British Prime Minister, follows atThe ceremony to mark the handover of Hong Kong from China to China on July 1, 1997, was completed. (Dylan Martinez/Reuters)
Hong Kong was promised autonomy. It became a gateway for mainland companies to move abroad. Meanwhile, JiangBeijing has turned to coercion against Taiwan, claiming that the self-ruled island is part its territory.
In 1996, Taiwan held its first direct presidential election. JiangThe government tried to intimidate the voters by firing missiles into shipping lanes nearby. In a gesture of support, the United States sent warships into the region.
Unemployment is a problem, not economic prosperity
Trade between Taiwan and mainland increased to billions of dollar per year.
China’s economicBoom divided society into winners and losers, as many rural residents migrated to work in factories in cities. As a result, the economy grew sevenfold while urban incomes nearly doubled.
JiangThe last time that the former and current leaders appeared together publicly at Beijing’s Tiananmen Gate was in 2005. atA 2019 military parade to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the party’s power.
He is survived his two sons and Wang Yeping, his wife.
Jiang’s death comes atChina is experiencing a turbulent period, with authorities dealing with protests from residents who are fed up with the heavy-handed COVID-19 curbs almost three years after the pandemic.
WATCH: Protesters are at risk of being expelled in recent demonstrations| Protesters risk freedom in recent demonstrations:
China’s protest symbol is white paper sheets
China is also experiencing a sharp economic recovery. economicThis policy of zero COVID has exacerbated the slowdown. Numerous users of China’sTwitter-like Weibo platform described death of JiangAs the end of an era.
A user from Henan province wrote that he was very sad for his departure and that he had left behind a great legacy.
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